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Understanding non-intended consequences of epidemic control decisions to contain the pandemic

(c) AnanassThe non-intended consequences of the epidemic control decisions to contain the COVID-19 pandemic are huge and affect the well-being of European citizens in terms of economics, social relationships and health: Europe is experiencing the largest recession since World War II, social contacts have been interrupted and people avoid seeking medical treatment in fear of infection.

The overarching objective of the SHARE-COVID19 project is to understand these non-intended consequences and to devise improved health, economic and social policies. In our policy recommendations, we strive to make healthcare systems and societies in the European Union more resilient to pandemics in terms of prevention, protection and treatment of the population 50+, a most vulnerable part of the population.

The project aims to identify healthcare inequalities before, during and after the pandemic, to understand the lockdown effects on health and health behaviours, to analyse labour market implications of the lockdown, to assess the impacts of pandemic and lockdown on income and wealth inequality, to mitigate the effects of epidemic control decisions on social relationships and to optimise future epidemic control measures by taking the geographical patterns of the disease and their relationship with social patterns into account as well as to better manage housing and living arrangements choices between independence, co-residence or institutionalisation.

The project pursues a transdisciplinary and internationally comparative approach by exploiting the data sources of the SHARE research infrastructure. It covers all EU Member States. The Max Planck Society is responsible for the project coordination. The project has started on 1 November 2020 and will end on 30 October 2023.

The European Commission supports >> SHARE-ERIC’s COVID-19 research project (SHARE-COVID19) by funding through Horizon 2020 and the Coronavirus Global Response initiative launched by President Ursula von der Leyen in May 2020. 


Project Publications: 

Results of the 1st SHARE Corona Survey (SHARE-COVID19 - Project Number: 101015924) (PDF)

Journal Articles: 

Airaksinen, J., K. Komulainen, M. Jokela and K. Gluschkoff (2021): Big Five Personality Traits and COVID-19 Precautionary Behaviors among Older Adults in Europe. PsyArXiv Preprints. DOI: 10.31234/

Dasgupta, S. and J. Emmerling (2021): COVID-19 Lockdown Led to an Unprecedented Increase in Inequality. Research Square (online first). DOI: 10.21203/

Litwin, H. and M. Levinsky (2021): Social Networks and Mental Health Change in Older Adults After the Covid-19 Outbreak.. Aging & Mental Health (online first). DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2021.1902468.

Maltagliati, S., S. Sieber, P. Sarrazin, S. Cullati, A. Chalabaev, G. P. Millet, M. P. Boisgontier and B. Cheval (2021): Muscle Strength Explains the Protective Effect of Physical Activity against COVID-19 Hospitalization among Adults aged 50 Years and Older. medRxiv preprint. DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.25.21252451.

Rachaniotis, N. P., T. K. Dasaklis, F. Fotopoulos and P. Tinios (2021): A Two-Phase Stochastic Dynamic Model for COVID-19 Mid-Term Policy Recommendations in Greece: A Pathway towards Mass Vaccination. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(5). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18052497.

Working Papers:

Arnault, L., F. Jusot and T. Renaud (2021): Social Inequalities in Access to Healthcare among the Population Aged 50+ years During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe. SHARE Working Paper Series 58-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3289765.

Atzendorf, J. and S. Gruber (2021): The Mental Well-being of Older Adults after the First Wave of COVID-19. SHARE Working Paper Series 63-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3292887.

Bergmann, M. and M. Wagner (2021): Caregiving and Care Receiving Across Europe in Times of COVID-19. SHARE Working Paper Series 59-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich.

Bertoni, M., M. Celidoni, C. Dal Bianco and G.  Weber (2021): How did European Retirees Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic? SHARE Working Paper Series 61-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3291835.

Bíró, A., R. Branyiczki and P. Elek (2021): Time Patterns of Precautionary Health Behaviours During an Easing Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe. SHARE Working Paper Series 57-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich.

Brugiavini, A., R. E. Buia and I. Simonetti (2021): Occupation and Working Outcomes during the Coronavirus Pandemic. SHARE Working Paper Series 60-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3291840.

Fors Connolly, F., J. Olofsson, G. Malmberg and M. Stattin (2021): Adjustment of Daily Activities to Restrictions and Reported Spread of the COVID-19 Pandemic across Europe. SHARE Working Paper Series 62-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3292885.

Sand, G. and J. Bristle (2021): The Relationship of Threat Perceptions and Optimistic Attitude with Protective Behavior in the COVID-19 Crisis. . SHARE Working Paper Series 64-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3309027.

List of project partners of SHARE-COVID19

  • University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Odense, Denmark
  • University of Paris-Dauphine (DAUPHINE), Paris, France
  • Hebrew University (HUJI), Jerusalem, Israel
  • Università Ca’ Foscari (UNIVE), Venice, Italy
  • University of Padova, Department of Economics and Management (UNIPD), Padova, Italy
  • Center for Monetary and Financial Studies (CEMFI), Madrid, Spain
  • SGH Warsaw School of Economics (SGH), Warsaw, Poland
  • University of Piraeus Research Centre (UPRC), Piraeus, Greece
  • Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (NHU AV CR), Prague, Czech Republic
  • Faculty of Economics & Business, University of Zagreb (UniZG-FEB), Zagreb, Croatia
  • Umeå University (UmU), Umeå, Sweden
  • Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg (UKHD), Heidelberg Institute of Gobal Health (HIGH), Medical Faculty and University Hospital, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
  • CentERdata, Tilburg, Netherlands
  • SHARE-ERIC, Munich, Germany


Scientific information: 

Prof. Dr. h.c. Axel Börsch-Supan, Ph.D.
Managing Director of SHARE-ERIC 

Press contact: 

Verena Coscia
Head of Public Relations


Picture: (c) Ananass / AdobeStock