The non-intended consequences of the epidemic control decisions to contain the COVID-19 pandemic are huge and affect the well-being of European citizens in terms of economics, social relationships and health: Europe is experiencing the largest recession since World War II, social contacts have been interrupted and people avoid seeking medical treatment in fear of infection.
The overarching objective of the SHARE-COVID19 project is to understand these non-intended consequences and to devise improved health, economic and social policies. In our policy recommendations, we strive to make healthcare systems and societies in the European Union more resilient to pandemics in terms of prevention, protection and treatment of the population 50+, a most vulnerable part of the population.
The project aims to identify healthcare inequalities before, during and after the pandemic, to understand the lockdown effects on health and health behaviours, to analyse labour market implications of the lockdown, to assess the impacts of pandemic and lockdown on income and wealth inequality, to mitigate the effects of epidemic control decisions on social relationships and to optimise future epidemic control measures by taking the geographical patterns of the disease and their relationship with social patterns into account as well as to better manage housing and living arrangements choices between independence, co-residence or institutionalisation.
The project pursues a transdisciplinary and internationally comparative approach by exploiting the data sources of the SHARE research infrastructure. It covers all EU Member States. The Max Planck Society is responsible for the project coordination. The project has started on 1 November 2020 and will end on 30 October 2023.
The European Commission supports >> SHARE-ERIC’s COVID-19 research project (SHARE-COVID19) by funding through Horizon 2020 and the Coronavirus Global Response initiative launched by President Ursula von der Leyen in May 2020.
Koroleva, S., S. Sniķere, A. Aleksandrovs, I. Reine, A. Ivanovs and I. Gehtmane-Hofmane (2021): The Mental Health of the Elderly Population throughout the COVID-19 Pandemic in Latvia: The Role of Social and Support Networks.In: The 8th International Multidisciplinary Research Conference Society. Health. Welfare. (Rīga, 24 – 26 March 2021): Abstracts, 179. Riga: Riga Stradiņš University.
Mieriņa, I. and I. Reine(2021): Why did they need to come now? COVID-19 Crisis Strains Relationships with Returning and Visiting Compatriots.In: SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION. Proceedings of the 15th International Scientific Conference (May 28th-29th) VI, 160-171. Rezekne: Rezekne Academy of Technologies. DOI: 10.17770/sie2021vol6.6266.
Rajevska, O., A. Reine and D. Baltmane (2021): Impact of the First Wave of COVID-19 on the Employment of Older People in Latvia, the Baltic States and Europe.In: The 8th International Multidisciplinary Research Conference Society. Health. Welfare. (Rīga, 24 – 26 March 2021): Abstracts, 13. Riga: Riga Stradiņš University.
Reine, I., A. Ivanovs, S. Sniķere, I. Mieriņa, I. Gehtmane-Hofmane and I. Koroļeva (2021): Overcoming Social Isolation with Digital Technologies among Ageing Populations during Covid-19.In: SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION. Proceedings of the 15th International Scientific Conference (May 28th-29th) IV, 171-178. Rezekne: Rezekne Academy of Technologies. DOI: 10.17770/sie2021vol4.6356.
Reine, I., A. Ivanovs and S. Tomsone(2021): Access to Healthcare during COVID-19 among Ageing Population in Latvia.In: The 8th International Multidisciplinary Research Conference Society. Health. Welfare. (Rīga, 24 – 26 March 2021): Abstracts, 3. Riga: Riga Stradiņš University.
Zorrilla-Muñoz, V., M. Agulló-Tomás, M. Forjaz, E. Fernandez, C. Rodriguez-Blazquez, A. Ayala and G. Fernandez-Mayoralas (2021): Technology, Gender and COVID-19. Analysis of Perceived Health in Adults and Older People. In: Gao, Q. and J. Zhou. Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Supporting Everyday Life Activities. HCII 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol 12787, 363-379. Cham: Springer.
Angelova, M.(2021): Factors Affecting the Active Life of People Aged 50 and Over in Europe Before and During the Pandemic.Revista Inclusiones 8: 62-90.
Arnault, L., F. Jusot and T. Renaud (2021): Economic Vulnerability and Unmet Healthcare Needs among the Population Aged 50 + years During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe. European Journal of Ageing. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00645-3.
Atzendorf, J. and S. Gruber (2021): Depression and Loneliness of Older Adults in Europe and Israel after the First Wave of Covid-19.. European Journal of Ageing. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00640-8.
Bergmann, M. and M. Wagner (2021): The Impact of COVID-19 on Informal Caregiving and Care Receiving Across Europe During the First Phase of the Pandemic. Frontiers in Public Health 9. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.673874
Bertoni, M., M. Celidoni, C. Dal Bianco and G. Weber (2021): How did European retirees respond to the COVID-19 pandemic?Economics Letters 203. DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2021.109853.
Bíró, A., R. Branyiczki and P. Elek. (2021): Time Patterns of Precautionary Health Behaviours during an Easing Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe.European Journal of Ageing. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00636-4.
Bogdanova, B. and Z. Vladimirov(2021): Cross-sectional differences in the Level of Depression since the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Study on SHARE Data.Revista Inclusiones 8: 22-43.
Brugiavini, A., R. E. Buia and I. Simonetti (2021): Occupation and working outcomes during the Coronavirus Pandemic. European Journal of Ageing. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00651-5.
Chłoń-Domińczak, A. and D. Holzer-Żelażewska(2021): Economic Stress of People 50 + in European Countries in the Covid-19 Pandemic–Do Country Policies Matter?. European Journal of Ageing. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00662-2.
Clark, A., C. d’Ambrosio, I. Onur and R. Zhu(2021): COVID-19 Compliance Behaviors of Older People: The Role of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills.Economics Letters. DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2021.110158.
Cohn-Schwartz, E., A. Vitman-Schorr and R. Khalaila(2021): Physical Distancing is Related to Fewer Electronic and In-person Contacts and to Increased Loneliness during the COVID-19 Pandemic among Older Europeans.Quality of Life Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11136-021-02949-4.
Delerue Matos, A., A. Fonseca de Paiva, C. Cunha and G. Voss (2021): Precautionary Behaviours of Individuals with Multimorbidity during the COVID-19 Pandemic.European Journal of Ageing. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00632-8.
González-Touya, M., A. Stoyanova and R. Urbanos-Garrido(2021): COVID-19 and Unmet Healthcare Needs of Older People: Did Inequity Arise in Europe?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(17). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18179177
Halivni, L. R., D. Christiani and S. Bramli-Grinberg(2021): O-439. The Complex Association of Perceived Workplace Safety, Work Environment, and National Factors with the Mental Health of Aging Workers in Europe during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 78:A2. DOI: 10.1136/OEM-2021-EPI.4.
Koch, M. and S. Park(2021): Do Government Responses Impact the Relationship between Age, Gender and Psychological Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic? A Comparison across 27 European Countries.Social Science & Medicine. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114583.
Ksinan Jiskrova, G., M. Bobák, H. Pikhart and A. Ksinan (2021): Job Loss and Lower Healthcare Utilisation due to COVID-19 among Older Adults across 27 European Countries.Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health (online first). DOI: 10.1136/jech-2021-216715.
Litwin, H. and M. Levinsky(2021): Network-exposure Severity and Self-protective Behaviors: The Case of COVID-19. Innovation in Aging. DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igab015.
Litwin, H. and M. Levinsky (2021): Social Networks and Mental Health Change in Older Adults After the Covid-19 Outbreak.. Aging & Mental Health (online first). DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2021.1902468.
Maltagliati, S., S. Sieber, P. Sarrazin, S. Cullati, A. Chalabaev, G. P. Millet, M. P. Boisgontier and B. Cheval (2021): Muscle Strength Explains the Protective Effect of Physical Activity against COVID-19 Hospitalization among Adults aged 50 Years and Older. Journal of Sports Sciences. DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2021.1964721.
Markova, E., G. Yordanova and E. Tosheva(2021): Mental Health Risk Alerts and Loneliness during the Pandemic: A Comparative Insight from Three Balkan Countries.Revista Inclusiones 8: 91-112.
Mendoza-Jiménez, M.-J., T.-V. Hannemann and J. Atzendorf (2021): Behavioral Risk Factors and Adherence to Preventive Measures: Evidence from the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Public Health 9. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.674597.
Mikelsone, M. and I. Reine(2021): Prognostic Factors of Self-rated Health Deterioration during Covid-19 in the Baltic States. European Journal of Public Health. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.109.
Netov, N. and D. Tisheva(2021): An Intuitionistic Fuzzy Approach for COVID-19 Survey Analytics. Revista Inclusiones 8: 140-14.
Novais, F., C. Cordeiro, P. Câmara Pestana, B. Côrte-Real, T. Reynolds Sousa, A. Delerue Matos and D. Telles-Correia (2021): O Impacto da COVID-19 na População Idosa em Portugal: Resultados do Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE). (The Impact of COVID-19 in Older People in Portugal: Results from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE). Acta Médica Portuguesa 34(11): 761-766. DOI: 10.20344/amp.16209.
Perelman, J., F. Serranheira, P. Pita Barros and P. Laires(2021): Does working at home compromise mental health? A study on European mature adults in COVID times.Journal of Occupational Health, 63(1), e12299. DOI: 0.1002/1348-9585.12299.
Rachaniotis, N. P., T. K. Dasaklis, F. Fotopoulos and P. Tinios (2021): A Two-Phase Stochastic Dynamic Model for COVID-19 Mid-Term Policy Recommendations in Greece: A Pathway towards Mass Vaccination. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(5). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18052497.
Reine, I. (2021): Factors Predicting Loneliness among Ageing Populations in the Baltic States during Covid-19. European Journal of Public Health 31(3). DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.110.
Richter, L. and T. Heidinger(2021): Hitting Close to Home: The Effect of COVID-19 Illness in the Social Environment on Psychological Burden in Older Adults . Frontiers in Psychology 12: 1-9. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.737787
Scheel-Hincke, L., L. Ahrenfeldt and K. Andersen-Ranberg(2021): Sex Differences in Activity and Health Changes following COVID-19 in Europe - Results from the SHARE COVID-19 Survey.European Journal of Public Health. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckab096.
Skałacka, K. and G. Pajestka(2021): Digital or In-Person: The Relationship between Mode of Interpersonal Communication during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Mental Health in Older Adults from 27 Countries. Journal of Family Nursing (online first). DOI: 10.1177/10748407211031980.
Smolić, Š., I. Čipin and P. Međimurec (2021): Access to Healthcare for People Aged 50+ in Europe during the COVID-19 Outbreak.. European Journal of Ageing (online first). DOI: 10.1007/s10433-021-00631-9.
Tosheva, E., G. Yordanova and E. Markova (2021): Before and During the Outbreak: Prerequisites for the High COVID-19 Mortality Rate in Bulgaria. Empirical Insights from SHARE Data. Revista Inclusiones 8: 44-61.
Tur-Sinai, A., N. Bentur, P. Fabbietti and G. Lamura (2021): Impact of the Outbreak of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Formal and Informal Care of Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Cross-National Clustering of Empirical Evidence from 23 Countries.. Sustainability 13(13). DOI: 10.3390/su13137277
Vaculíková, J. and M. Hanková(2021): Risk Factors Affecting Mental Health During the Early Stages Of The Covid-19 Pandemic In High-Risk 50+ Population In The Czech Republic. Journal of Gerontological Social Work. DOI: 10.1080/01634372.2021.1939219.
Van Winkle, Z., E. Ferragina and E. Recchi(2021): The Unexpected Decline in Feelings of Depression among Adults Ages 50 and Older in 11 European Countries amid the COVID-19 Pandemic. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 7: 1-11. DOI: 10.1177/23780231211032741.
Vergauwen, J., K. Delaruelle, P. Dykstra, P. Bracke and D. Mortelmans (2021): The COVID-19 Pandemic and Changes in the Level of Contact between Older Parents and their non-coresident Children: A European study. Journal of Family Research: 1–26. DOI: 10.20377/jfr-695
Voss, G., A. F. Paiva and A. Delerue Matos(2021): A Study of the Association between the Stringency of Covid-19 Government Measures and Depression in Older Adults across Europe and Israel. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(15). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18158017.
Wang, H., A. Verdery, R. Margolis and E. Smith-Greenaway (2021): Bereavement from COVID-19, Gender, and Reports of Depression among Older Adults in Europe.The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbab132.
Wels, J. and N. Hamarat(2021): A shift in women’s health? Older workers’ self-reported health and employment settings during the COVID-19 pandemic.European Journal of Public Health, ckab204, DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckab204.
Yordanova, V.(2021): COVID-19 Pandemic: A Study on the Relationship between Social Distancing and Mental Health Status among People Aged 50 and Older in Europe.Revista Inclusiones 8: 113-139.
Airaksinen, J., K. Komulainen, M. Jokela and K. Gluschkoff (2021): Big Five Personality Traits and COVID-19 Precautionary Behaviors among Older Adults in Europe. PsyArXiv Preprints. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/rvbjf.
Arnault, L., F. Jusot and T. Renaud (2021): Social Inequalities in Access to Healthcare among the Population Aged 50+ years During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe. SHARE Working Paper Series 58-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3289765.
Arpino, B., C. Mair, N. T. Quashie and R. Antczak (2021):Loneliness Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Are Unpartnered and Childless Older Adults at Higher Risk? SocArXiv. Ithaca.
Atzendorf, J. and S. Gruber (2021): The Mental Well-being of Older Adults after the First Wave of COVID-19. SHARE Working Paper Series 63-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3292887.
Bassoli, E., A. Brugiavini and I. Ferrari (2021): Care Provision at the Time of the Covid-19: Who Suffers Most?. University Ca' Foscari of Venice, Dept. of Economics Research Paper Series 10/WP/2021. SSRN. New York. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3807762.
Bergmann, M., T.-V. Hannemann, A. Bethmann and A. Schumacher (2021): Determinants of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccinations in the 50+ Population.SHARE Working Paper Series 72-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3345550.
Bergmann, M. and M. Wagner (2021): Caregiving and Care Receiving Across Europe in Times of COVID-19. SHARE Working Paper Series 59-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich.
Berniell, I., Y. Fawaz, A. Laferrère, P. Mira and E. Pronkina(2021): The COVID-19 Curtain: Can Past Communist Regimes Explain the Vaccination Divide in Europe?.SHARE Working Paper Series 75-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3351839.
Berniell I., A. Laferrère, P. Mira and E. Pronkina (2021): Robinson Crusoe: Less or More Depressed? With Whom and Where to Live in a Pandemic if you are above 50. SHARE Working Paper Series 70-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3333206
Bertoni, M., D. Cavapozzi, G. Pasini and C. Pavese(2021): Remote Working and Mental Health during the First Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic. IZA Discussion Paper 14773. IZA – Institute of Labor Economics. Bremen.
Bertoni, M., M. Celidoni, C. Dal Bianco and G. Weber (2021): How did European Retirees Respond to the COVID-19 Pandemic? SHARE Working Paper Series 61-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3291835.
Bíró, A., R. Branyiczki and P. Elek (2021): Time Patterns of Precautionary Health Behaviours During an Easing Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe. SHARE Working Paper Series 57-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich.
Bonfatti, A., G. Pesaresi, G. Weber and N. Zambon (2021): The Economic Impact of the First Wave of the Pandemic on 50+ Europeans.SHARE Working Paper Series 74-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3346667
Bonsang, E. and E. Pronkina (2021): Family Size and Vaccination among Older Individuals: The Case of COVID-19 Vaccine.SHARE Working Paper Series 76-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3361025.
Brugiavini, A., R. E. Buia and I. Simonetti (2021): Occupation and Working Outcomes during the Coronavirus Pandemic. SHARE Working Paper Series 60-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3291840.
Brugiavini, A., C. Di Novi and C. E. Orso (2021): Visiting Parents in Times of COVID-19: The Impact of Parent-adult Child Contacts on the Psychological Health of the Elderly. SHARE Working Paper Series 73-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich.
Dasgupta, S. and J. Emmerling (2021): COVID-19 Lockdown Led to an Unprecedented Increase in Inequality. Research Square (online first). DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-191155/v1.
Delerue Matos, A., A. F. Paiva, C. Cunha and G. Voss (2021): Precautionary Behaviours of Individuals with Multimorbidity during the COVID-19 Pandemic. SHARE Working Paper Series 69-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3332949
Fors Connolly, F., J. Olofsson, G. Malmberg and M. Stattin (2021): Adjustment of Daily Activities to Restrictions and Reported Spread of the COVID-19 Pandemic across Europe. SHARE Working Paper Series 62-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3292885.
Pronkina, E.(2021): Long-lasting Impact of Education on Individual Extreme Confinement Choice among 50+ during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic . SHARE Working Paper Series 71-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3339651.
Rocard, E., P. Sillitti and A. Llena-Nozal(2021):COVID-19 in Long-term Care: Impact, Policy Responses and Challenges. OECD Health Working Papers No. 131. OECD. Paris.
Sand, G. and J. Bristle (2021): The Relationship of Threat Perceptions and Optimistic Attitude with Protective Behavior in the COVID-19 Crisis. . SHARE Working Paper Series 64-2021. Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA). Munich. DOI: 10.17617/2.3309027.
Theodoropoulos, N. and G. Voucharas(2021):The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Cyprus: Results of the 1st and 2nd SHARE Corona Survey. SHARE Bulletin No. 01/2021. University of Cyprus. Nicosia.SHARE Bulletin No. 01/2021. University of Cyprus. Nicosia.
Wang, H., A. Verdery, R. Margolis and E. Smith-Greenaway (2021): Bereavement from COVID-19 and Depressive Symptoms among Older Adults in Europe. . SocArXiv Papers. DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/tzm9n.
Koroleva, I., I. Reine and A. Aleksandrovs(2021): Изменения межличностной коммуникации в период пандемии COVID-19 и роль цифровых технологий в снижении социальной изоляции среди пожилых людей: пример Латвии. (Changes in Interpersonal Communication during the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Role of ICT in Reducing the Social Isolation in Elderly Population: An Example of Latvia.)Belarusian State University Digital Library. Minsk.
Koroļeva, I., S. Snikere, A. Aleksandrovs, I. Reine, M. Trapencieris and A. Ivanovs (2021): Effects of Social Isolation on Mental Health during COVID-19 in the Context of Ageing. SIE. Rēzekne.
Fieldwork of SHARE Corona Survey 2 completed
SHARE-COVID-19 data available now!
- University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Odense, Denmark
- University of Paris-Dauphine (DAUPHINE), Paris, France
- Hebrew University (HUJI), Jerusalem, Israel
- Università Ca’ Foscari (UNIVE), Venice, Italy
- University of Padova, Department of Economics and Management (UNIPD), Padova, Italy
- Center for Monetary and Financial Studies (CEMFI), Madrid, Spain
- SGH Warsaw School of Economics (SGH), Warsaw, Poland
- University of Piraeus Research Centre (UPRC), Piraeus, Greece
- Economics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (NHU AV CR), Prague, Czech Republic
- Faculty of Economics & Business, University of Zagreb (UniZG-FEB), Zagreb, Croatia
- Umeå University (UmU), Umeå, Sweden
- Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg (UKHD), Heidelberg Institute of Gobal Health (HIGH), Medical Faculty and University Hospital, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
- CentERdata, Tilburg, Netherlands
- SHARE-ERIC, Munich, Germany