Books are forever: New cross-European evidence of the impact of childhood conditions on education and lifetime earnings

SHARE research findings


Out now: Major Data Update - SHARE Release 5-0-0

This new release is a major data update of all waves released by SHARE so far (Waves 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5)


SHARE Newsletter No. 18

The use of SHARE data is increasing all over the world. Also the number of SHARE countries is...


Wave 4

DOI: 10.6103/SHARE.w4.500

In order to access the data, please review the information here.


Release: 5.0.0

Date: May 10th 2016



When using data from this dataset, please cite the dataset as follows:

Börsch-Supan, A. (2013). Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Wave 4. Release version: 5.0.0. SHARE-ERIC. Data set. DOI: 10.6103/SHARE.w4.500

Please also cite the following publications in addition to the SHARE acknowledgement:

-          Börsch-Supan A., M. Brandt , H. Litwin and G. Weber (Eds). (2013). Active ageing and solidarity between generations in Europe: First results from SHARE after the economic crisis. Berlin: De Gruyter.

-          Malter, F., Börsch-Supan, A.(Eds.) (2013). SHARE Wave 4: Innovations & Methodology. Munich: MEA, Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.

-          Börsch-Supan, A., Brandt, M., Hunkler, C., Kneip, T., Korbmacher, J., Malter, F., Schaan, B., Stuck, S., Zuber, S. (2013). Data Resource Profile: The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). International Journal of Epidemiology DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyt088.



In 2010, Estonia, Hungary, Portugal and Slovenia joined SHARE Wave 4, which is the third regular panel wave of the survey following the SHARELIFE life history questionnaire. The scientific use file will be released in November 2012, including a brand new social network module based on a name generator approach – making SHARE the very first international survey to provide social network information in a detailed and comparative way.


Further information

FAQs about the SHARE dataset

Questionnaire Wave 4

SHARE Release Guide 5.0.0 (PDF)